Sunday, June 19, 2016

Diabetes (TII) & Teenagers

Diabetes is a serious lifestyle disease where blood sugars are always high because the body cannot change the carbohydrates in food into energy for the cells. Type II (TII) diabetes was called an old person disease but due to changes in the way children and teenagers live their life and poor food choices they are getting the condition.

Some signs of diabetes are dry mouth, itchy groin, urinating a lot and rapid weight loss without trying. Being fat or fluffy, doing little exercising, playing computer games all day long, and eating the wrong foods everyday are the major causes of diabetes type II in teenagers. If left alone diabetes type II would damage all organs in the body, this would not be good for any young person.

Therefore, eating healthy meals, nutritious local fruits and veggies and doing regular exercise are very important to controlling diabetes. Here are some things a diabetic (TII)  teenager can do help manage their condition:

 1. Eat a healthy breakfast filled with fresh fruit, oatmeal, or healthy cereal, egg whites or fish and low-fat milk or yoghurt.

2. Eat 3 to 4 balanced meals (breakfast, lunch, snack and dinner) to keep blood sugar normal

3. Have fun and enjoy sport activities (cricket, aerobics, football, basketball, swimming, etc.) with family and friends.

 4. Give up salty snacks, sugary drinks, carbonated beverages, fried foods and fast foods.

5. Lose 10 to 20 pounds if fat. Too much fat in the body makes it hard to keep blood sugar levels normal .

6. Drink more water since it is refreshing and visit the doctor regularly.

FOOD MYTH: Fruits are bad for diabetics because they are packed with sugar.

FOOD FACT: Yes, all fruits have natural sugar. Once fruits are eaten in small portions (roughly 1 medium fruit) at time and not by the bucket, they will not disturb the blood sugar levels of a type II diabetic. However, fruits coated with sugar or soaked in in heavy syrup should be avoided.

Brown, J. 2005. Nutrition In The Lifecycle. USA. Thompson Learning
Mitchell, C., 2016. Breakfast choices for the diabetic diet. Trinidad Newsday, 13 April. Available at [Accessed 06 June 2016]
WebMD. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 06 June 2016]
DiabetesUK. 2016. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 06 June 2016]