|Guavas grown in the backyard|
How one chooses to enjoy this fruit varies; some prefer to eat the fruit along with its seeds, others prefer to eat the flesh omitting the seeds. The juice of the fruit could be extracted and consumed as is or used to make guava ice-cream/jams/jellies/syrup etc. The guava pulp could be used to make guava paste or guava cheese (thick, brownish sweet paste/jelly).
Data sourced from: The Nutrient Data Laboratory, USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24 last June10th 2012
All values and weight are for 100 grams of the edible portion of fruit
* Honeydew melon: 3/4 cup, diced equals about 13 pieces and * Cantaloupe melon: 1/8 wedge of large melon
Based on Table 1. Above, guavas are unbelievably high in vitamin C (228 mg per 100 g, amounts to 380% Daily Value), antioxidant lycopene (5,204 mcg per 100g) and fibre in comparison with other fruits; particularly imported fruits. Using Table 1. One can see the nutritional benefits of adding fresh guavas to the daily diet when in season. Guavas are also a good source of potassium, copper, folate, vitamin A especially beta carotene and it is naturally low in sodium (about 1 mg per 100 g) (Refer to Table 1. above). The latter makes it a great snack for persons on low sodium diets. [Note: Guavas with the pink flesh generally have more lycopene than the off-white guavas. Over ripe guavas contain less vitamin C and fibre.]
However, some may vomit or experience slight nausea after eating a semi-ripe or very ripe guava on an empty stomach. Caution: The seeds of the guava can cause mild constipation, so beware of how much and how often the seeds are consumed. It's best to chew the seeds very well before swallowing.
In all fairness, guavas are exceptional fruits that provide more nutritional value than most imported fruits; apple or pear, thus giving everyone a reason to actively seek out the fruit when in season.
Abbreviations used in Table 1.
Ca= calcium, K = Potassium, P = Phosphorus, Mg= Magnesium, Fe= Iron, Vit C = Vitamin C, Vit K = Vitamin K , Vit A = Vitamin A, RAE = Retinol Activity Equivalents (mcg RAE), mcg = micrograms, mg = milligrams
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1) Roger, George. 2004. The Healing Power of Foods. p:118-119
2) Nutrition Data http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/fruits-and-fruit-juices/1927/2
3) Dweck, Anthony. A Review of Guava. http://www.dweckdata.com/Published_papers/Psidium_guajava.pdf
4) Morton, J. 1987. Guava. p. 356–363. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL5) Jeffrey, Haibach, et al. 2012. A Longitudinal Evaluation of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Cigarette Smoking. Nicotine & Tobacco Research,http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/05/20/ntr.nts130